And he arose from thence, and cometh into the coasts of Judaea by the
farther side of Jordan: and the people resort unto him again; and, as he was
wont, he taught them again.
Wont = and as He
was accustomed to do, He taught them again.
He arose from
Capernaum. This is the final departure of Jesus from Galilee, for He is
about to start His last journey to Jerusalem. He returned to Galilee no
more till after His resurrection from the dead. When He appeared to His
disciples twice Matthew 28:16-17 & John 21:1ff.
Mark 10:2 And the
Pharisees came to him, and asked him, Is it lawful for a man to put away
his wife? tempting him.
Matthew 19:3 adds, “
for every cause?” that is, every cause satisfactory to her husband. Only
men could divorce under Jewish law. Now the Pharisees are seeking to
entangle Him in existing controversies which they thought would be
impossible for Him to answer without displeasing one or another of the
Jewish parties. The Pharisees asked Him the question for the wrong motives
“trying Him” if He answered Yes, they would accuse Him of moral laxity, and
if He answered No, they would accuse Him of disregarding the authority of
Moses. They probably also wished to get Him to condemn Herod Antipas in his
adulterous relationship with his brother’s wife, and thus ensure Jesus had
an end similar to John the Baptist.
Mark 10:3 And he
answered and said unto them, What did Moses command you?
The wisdom of Christ is
seen in His reply, He refers them to the Law of Moses cf: Luke 10:26.
Mark 10:4 And they
said, Moses suffered to write a bill of divorcement, and to put her
The reply of the
Pharisees went back to Moses cf:
When a man hath taken a wife, and married her, and it come to pass that
she find no favour in his eyes, because he hath found some uncleanness in
her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement, and give it in her
hand, and send her out of his house. 24:2 And when she is departed out of
his house, she may go and be another man's wife. 24:3 And if
the latter husband hate her, and write her a bill of divorcement, and giveth
it in her hand, and sendeth her out of his house; or if the latter
husband die, which took her to be his wife;
Women had no rights and
Jesus is actually being the first advocate of women’s rights.
Mark 10:5 And Jesus
answered and said unto them, For the hardness of your heart he wrote you
God did not command a
writing of divorcement, He only suffered or allowed them to do so and He
only suffered it on account of the hardness of their hearts.
God’s attitude toward
these hard hearted Jews putting away their wives is also found in the
Yet ye say, Wherefore? Because the LORD hath been witness between thee and
the wife of thy youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously: yet is
she thy companion, and the wife of thy covenant. 2:15 And did not he make
one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might
seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let none deal
treacherously against the wife of his youth. 2:16 For the LORD, the God of
Israel, saith that he hateth putting away: for one covereth violence
with his garment, saith the LORD of hosts: therefore take heed to your
spirit, that ye deal not treacherously.
Mark 10:6 But from the
beginning of the creation God made them male and female.
God made Adam and Eve,
they were designed one for another.
Mark 10:7 For this
cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and cleave to his wife;
Because Eve was taken
out of Adam, and was bone of his bone and flesh of his flesh cf:
Genesis 2:21-25 And
the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam, and he slept: and he
took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh instead thereof; 2:22 And
the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made he a woman, and brought
her unto the man. 2:23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones,
and flesh of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out
of Man. 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and
shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. And they were both
naked, the man and his wife, and were not ashamed.
Jesus directs the Jews
back to the creation for the original purpose for marriage. The marriage
relationship between a husband and wife is stronger than the relationship
between parent and child.
Mark 10:8 And they
twain shall be one flesh: so then they are no more twain, but one flesh.
The married couple
should have a oneness in all their interests and relations pertaining to
Mark 10:9 What
therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder.
The union of the flesh
is for this a life time in this world but today, sometimes families separate
on a whim or an impulse.
Mark 10:10 And in the
house his disciples asked him again of the same matter.
They did not fully
understand the teaching.
Mark 10:11 And he
saith unto them, Whosoever shall put away his wife, and marry another,
committeth adultery against her.
Matthew adds the
clause: cf: Matthew 19:9 “saving for the cause of fornication”. This law
applies to both husband and wife. Will any fornicators be saved? Yes, so
it is not the unforgivable sin.
On this conversation
about marriage and divorce, also cf:
10:12 And if a woman shall put away her husband, and be married to another,
she committeth adultery.
This was allowed by
the Greek and Roman law (1
Cor. 7:13), but not by the Jewish. Christ applies his principles
to either sex on the same footing.
Will any adulterers
be saved? Yes, so it is not the unforgivable sin. It is sin but not
10:13 And they brought young children to him, that he should touch them:
and his disciples rebuked those that brought them.
Luke 18:15 says,
“babes”, some of these were mothers who carried their babies to Jesus. The
children, no doubt, were of differing ages and thus were referred to as
little children and babes.
The disciples rebuked
those who brought the children, because they were engaged in a very
interesting discussion of marriage and divorce.
Mark 10:14 But when
Jesus saw it, he was much displeased, and said unto them, Suffer the
little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the
kingdom of God.
The kingdom of God
requires innocence, purity and submission. These are the traits belonging
to the ideal child.
Mark 10:15 Verily I
say unto you, Whosoever shall not receive the kingdom of God as a little
child, he shall not enter therein.
Receiving it precedes
entering it and simply accepting or believing the principles of the Gospel.
This a little child does with implicit faith … simple, trusting faith with
quick repentance. These are all ideal qualities of an ideal child and a
true Christian. To be child-like, we must do just as Jesus tells us if we
are to become true Christians.
Mark 10:16 And he
took them up in his arms, put his hands upon them, and blessed them.
The mothers were
expecting Him to put His hands on their children, but He goes beyond their
expectations and takes them gently into His arms cf:
Isaiah 40:9-11 O Zion, that bringest
good tidings, get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest
good tidings, lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not
afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God! 40:10 Behold, the
Lord GOD will come with strong hand, and his arm shall rule for him:
behold, his reward is with him, and his work before him. 40:11
He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his
arm, and carry them in his bosom, and shall gently lead those
that are with young.
10:17 And when he was gone forth into the way, there came one running, and
kneeled to him, and asked him, Good Master, what shall I do that I may
inherit eternal life?
This is the road
leading towards Jerusalem. This was a young man, and Matthew says he was
rich cf: Matthew 19:20ff, and Luke says he was also a “ruler” cf: Luke
18:18. This case is a remarkable for the fact of his youth, wealth,
position, character and how he approached Jesus. He came running. In
kneeling to Him, he recognized Jesus as Divine and worthy of worship.
Salvation is a personal matter, we cannot go to Heaven by proxy.
Mark 10:18 And Jesus
said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one,
that is, God.
Jesus disavowed His
good while in the flesh, before His resurrection. Jesus had the nature of
man and felt all the impulses and emotions to sin as man does. So long as He
felt the emotions to sin, He did not call Himself good, nor did the Holy
Spirit call Him perfect cf:
Hebrews 4:15 For we
have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our
infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet
For it became him, for whom are all things, and by whom are
all things, in bringing many sons unto glory, to make the captain of their
salvation perfect through sufferings.
Though he were a Son, yet learned he obedience by the things which he
suffered; And being made perfect, he became the author of eternal
salvation unto all them that obey him
Suffering death purged
out this impulse to sin, so through suffering He was made perfect.
Mark 10:19 Thou
knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal,
Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother.
This man, being under
the law, was referred to the teachings of the law, and its leading
precepts. There are two classes of commandments. One class of commandments
defines man’s duty to God, the other, defins his duties to his fellow man.
Jesus quotes the latter here.
Mark 10:20 And he
answered and said unto him, Master, all these have I observed from my youth.
He was not a hypocrite
pretending he had observed these things and made them the rule of his life.
He was a splendid, moral young man, candid and honest.
Mark 10:21 Then Jesus
beholding him loved him, and said unto him, One thing thou lackest: go thy
way, sell whatsoever thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have
treasure in heaven: and come, take up the cross, and follow me.
Jesus loved him for his
character, and gave him loving directions that would perfect his character.
But he lacked one thing, the chief thing, which was not being done. This
last requirement tested whether he loved God with all his heart. Love to
God is expressed by being good to our fellow man. Many a man can have all
moral purity and yet lack the true Christian spirit. The leading trait
of Christ is self-denial and self-sacrifice cf:
Philippians 2:5-11 Let
this mind be in you, which was also in Christ Jesus: 2:6 Who, being in the
form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God: 2:7 But made
himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was
made in the likeness of men: 2:8 And being found in fashion as a man, he
humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the
cross. 2:9 Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name
which is above every name: 2:10 That at the name of Jesus every knee
should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and
things under the earth; 2:11 And that every tongue should
confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
The mere giving of his
possessions was not enough to save him. It only tested his fitness for
discipleship. To give to the poor in Christ’s name is to have treasure in
Heaven. We are not required to sell all we have at once, we are required to
hold it and use it in God’s service. Willingness to give up all for Jesus
was the test.
Mark 10:22 And he
was sad at that saying, and went away grieved: for he had great possessions.
A legalist by
education he was now to hear the one thing he should add to his righteous
life to give him eternal life. And then it comes, like a thunderclap,
something utterly out of the question to a man of his wealth and position.
He went away sorrowful, because eternal life was offered at only such a
price as he was not willing to pay. He did not realize that to give away
his riches was to invest them in a bank that will never go broke, or fail.
The one bank that pays the richest of dividends.
God requires service
and gifts at our hands, not because He needs them, but, because we need the
discipline and training that they give. Luke says he was very rich. Here
was an act of obedience he could not perform.
10:23 And Jesus looked round about, and saith unto his disciples, How
hardly shall they that have riches enter into the kingdom of God!
This is because riches
gain such a hold on a person’s affections, and make such a demand on their
time, that God is loved second.
Mark 10:24 And the
disciples were astonished at his words. But Jesus answereth again, and saith
unto them, Children, how hard is it for them that trust in riches to enter
into the kingdom of God!
The astonishment was
the greater, because among the Jews, riches were counted the blessing of
God, given for fidelity to him. They recognized that riches sometimes come
to the wicked but it would be short-lived. Permanent prosperity was a sure
sign of God’s blessing. How hard is to say: it is exceedingly difficult cf:
I Timothy 6:9 But they
that will be rich fall into temptation and a snare, and into many
foolish and hurtful lusts, which drown men in destruction and perdition.
Mark 10:25 It is
easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to
enter into the kingdom of God.
For security, the main
gates to Jerusalem were shut at night, but there was a small gate referred
to as ‘the eye of the needle’ in the walls of Jerusalem that a camel would
have to be unloaded of it’s burden and then it would have to crawl through
on it’s knees in order to get into the city after dark.
Clearly the Apostles
took this to mean all classes of people.
We tend to apply it to
the millionaire, and think it does not apply to us, but it means all whose
affections are placed on money. One who loves his riches makes an idol of
them. Christ did not condemn riches, but the love of money cf:
I Timothy 6:10 For the
love of money is the root of all evil: which while some coveted after, they
have erred from the faith, and pierced themselves through with many sorrows.
Mark 10:26 And they
were astonished out of measure, saying among themselves, Who then can be
Their astonishment knew
no bounds. They understood it to pertain to anyone who possessed or labored
for property, and asked the question in despair.
Mark 10:27 And Jesus
looking upon them saith, With men it is impossible, but not with God:
for with God all things are possible.
It is beyond human
power for any to be saved themselves, but God can school and train men to
give up all for Christ.
Mark 10:28 Then Peter
began to say unto him, Lo, we have left all, and have followed thee.
This is an honest and
fair question and something anyone would wish to know. This question
referred to the previous promise of Jesus to the rich, young ruler, “thou
shalt have treasure in heaven” cf: verse 21.
Mark 10:29 And Jesus
answered and said, Verily I say unto you, There is no man that hath left
house, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children,
or lands, for my sake, and the gospel's,
In the days of Jesus,
his disciples who followed Him lived a nomadic lifestyle and they were
generally obliged to forsake houses, home and family life to attend Him.
Mark 10:30 But he
shall receive an hundredfold now in this time, houses, and brethren, and
sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the
world to come eternal life.
They were promised a
hundredfold which means a hundred times as much. It is worth a hundred
times as much in peace, joy and blessings of Christ. We are promised, when
persecutions come, we will find comfort and peace, and in the world to come,
everlasting life ... And it doesn’t get any better than everlasting life.
Mark 10:31 But many
that are first shall be last; and the last first.
They will exchange
places. Many who are first in the prospect of everlasting life shall be
last, and many who are last in this respect shall be first. The rich, young
ruler had been among the first, but now, he is among the last. Judas, who
was in among the first, was later among the last. Matthias, who was then
among the last, being only an obscure disciple, took Judas’ place and became
among the first. The Jews looked upon themselves as first and nearest to
the kingdom of God, but as a nation, they rejected the Christ, and became
the last. The Gentiles were looked upon as dogs and the furthest from the
kingdom, accepted Christ, and became the first.
Mark has one
sentence that furnishes the key to the interpretation of the whole
discourse: "How hard it is for them that trust in riches,"
10:32 And they were in the way going up to Jerusalem; and Jesus went before
them: and they were amazed; and as they followed, they were afraid. And he
took again the twelve, and began to tell them what things should happen unto
Jesus is now on His
last journey to Jerusalem. He is going there to die for the sins of the
world. The disciples are amazed that He would go to the seat of His
bitterest enemy. They were afraid both for Him and themselves. The time
was drawing near, and He wished to prepare the disciples for His death.
Mark 10:33 Saying,
Behold, we go up to Jerusalem; and the Son of man shall be delivered unto
the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to
death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles:
Because the Jews no
longer had any authority to inflict capital punishment, they delivered Him
to the Roman authorities cf:
The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his
feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the
people be. 49:11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt
unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the
blood of grapes:
Mark 10:34 And they
shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall
kill him: and the third day he shall rise again.
Here, as on the two
former announcements of His death, He foretells His resurrection. He would
not perish, but rise to a new, greater and glorified life.
10:35 And James and John, the sons of Zebedee, come unto him, saying,
Master, we would that thou shouldest do for us whatsoever we shall desire.
They tried to get Jesus
to pledge to grant their request before making it known to Him. James and
John are anxious for chief places in His kingdom.
Mark 10:36 And he said
unto them, What would ye that I should do for you?
He has them state their
requests plainly and frankly. It was wisdom on His part to have them state
their desires before making a reply.
Mark 10:37 They said
unto him, Grant unto us that we may sit, one on thy right hand, and the
other on thy left hand, in thy glory.
They desired the two
highest places of honor next to Him in His kingdom. They knew not that
these two places on His right and left were reserved for the crosses of two
thieves and robbers.
Mark 10:38 But Jesus
said unto them, Ye know not what ye ask: can ye drink of the cup that I
drink of? and be baptized with the baptism that I am baptized with?
No one knows enough to wisely choose
his own lot. The wise allow God to choose their lot for them. In ancient
times it was common to execute the high-born by forcing them to drink a cup
of poison. Assassination and suicide were often effected by the same
poisonous cup. Can you, or will you, pay the price? Notice Jesus uses
the present tense verb when speaking of His suffering.
Mark 10:39 And they
said unto him, We can. And Jesus said unto them, Ye shall indeed drink of
the cup that I drink of; and with the baptism that I am baptized withal
shall ye be baptized:
Suffering with Christ
is essential for reigning with Him cf:
Romans 8:17 And if
children, then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if so be
that we suffer with him, that we may be also glorified together.
James was the first of
the apostles to drink the cup of suffering and martyrdom at the hands of
Herod Agrippa cf:
Acts 12:1-2 Now about
that time Herod the king stretched forth his hands to vex certain of
the church. 12:2 And he killed James the brother of John with the sword
Mark 10:40 But to sit
on my right hand and on my left hand is not mine to give; but it shall be
given to them for whom it is prepared.
Positions, both in the
church and in heaven, are not given out to friends and kinfolk as in
political life. There are places for a prepared people.
Mark 10:41 And when
the ten heard it, they began to be much displeased with James and
The other apostles were
offended at their ambition, and their desire to be exalted above their
brethren, but Jesus is a Peacemaker.
Mark 10:42 But Jesus
called them to him, and saith unto them, Ye know that they which are
accounted to rule over the Gentiles exercise lordship over them; and their
great ones exercise authority upon them.
He called the apostles
close around Him so they could hear all that He had to say about these
important matters. The political rulers exercise dominion over their
subjects. The kings of the earth raise their favorites to posts of trust
and power, and give them authority over others. This is a selfish authority
crowded with temptations to sin and crime. The facts, that are here pointed
out, are true in all world governments.
Mark 10:43 But so
shall it not be among you: but whosoever will be great among you, shall be
Christ’s kingdom will
not be a political kingdom, but a spiritual kingdom. A large percent of the
evils that have come from the Churches of Christ, have come through a
disregard of these verses. Men desire to be honored and rule, rather than
serve and help. The desire to serve others can never be too strong.
A minister was a waiter or attendant. The original word applied to
one who waits upon you, especially at table, and who was not a slave.
Mark 10:44 And
whosoever of you will be the chiefest, shall be servant of all.
The kingdom of heaven
will be established on different principles from political kingdoms. There
are to be no ranks, all are to be on the same level, the rich, the poor, the
learned, the unlearned, bond and free, all are to be equal. He is greatest
who does the greatest service to his fellow man and confers the largest
benefits on them at a real cost to himself.
Mark 10:45 For even
the Son of man came not to be ministered unto, but to minister, and to give
his life a ransom for many.
Jesus took the form
of a servant when He came into the world, to serve and redeem mankind cf:
2:6-7 Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with
God: But made himself of no reputation,
and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of
being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient
unto death, even the death of the cross.
A ransom was a price
paid to redeem from death or slavery. The death of Christ was a ransom for
I Timothy 2:6
Who gave himself a
ransom for all, to be testified in due time
And they came to Jericho: and as he went out of Jericho with his disciples
and a great number of people, blind Bartimaeus, the son of Timaeus, sat by
the highway side begging.
Jericho was an
important city, embellished by Herod the Great, this was the road that leads
from Jericho to Jerusalem.
Mark 10:47 And when he
heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to cry out, and say, Jesus,
thou Son of David, have mercy on me.
He acknowledges the
Messiahship of Jesus, he also acknowledges his own unworthiness and
helplessness and faith and confidence in the ability of Jesus to help him.
Mark 10:48 And many
charged him that he should hold his peace: but he cried the more a great
deal, Thou Son of David, have mercy on me.
When the soul is
awakened, there are plenty to cry, ‘hold your peace’, and some of those even
profess to be in the triumphal procession to the kingdom of God.
The rebuke of the
multitude only served to arouse his eagerness, for he believed in the
ability and willingness of Jesus to heal him.
Mark 10:49 And Jesus
stood still, and commanded him to be called. And they call the blind man,
saying unto him, Be of good comfort, rise; he calleth thee.
Mark 10:50 And he,
casting away his garment, rose, and came to Jesus.
He cast away his outer
garment, a large piece of cloth, for he wanted to get to Jesus as soon as
possible. In this same way, we should cast away all of our sins, and leave
Mark 10:51 And
Jesus answered and said unto him, What wilt thou that I should do unto thee?
The blind man said unto him, Lord, that I might receive my sight.
Jesus now asked what
special request he had. The word translated Lord here is: hrab-bon-ee’.
There are three titles used by Jews to their teachers, Rab, Master; as the
lowest degree of honor: Rabbi, My Master; of higher dignity: and this title
used here Rabboni, My Great Master; the most honorable of all.
Mark 10:52 And
Jesus said unto him, Go thy way; thy faith hath made thee whole. And
immediately he received his sight, and followed Jesus in the way.
He heals the blind
man simply by words. Faith is so important and necessary, that Jesus could
even say his faith had made him whole. Even while the gracious words are
being uttered, the optic nerve and retina are clearing. Luke 18:43 says
that he followed Him in the way glorifying God. He joins in the glad songs
of the triumphal procession. This account proves again the power of Jesus
Isaiah 35:5-6 Then the eyes of the
blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. 35:6
Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb
sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the
Bartimæus' faith was
(1) by his going to
(2) by his belief
that Jesus was the Messiah;
(3) by persevering
(4) by casting away
all that hindered;
(5) by obeying Jesus
when he was called;
(6) by following and
praising him after he was cured.