Christ's Discourse on
the Last Days.
or ט׳ באב,
"the Ninth of
is an annual
named for the ninth day (Tisha) of the month of
The fast commemorates the destruction of both the
which occurred about 656 years apart, but on the same
date. Accordingly, the day has been called the "saddest day in
Jewish history. The day falls in July or August in our calendar.
And as he went out of the temple, one of his disciples saith unto him,
Master, see what manner of stones and what buildings are here!
This is Jesus final
departure from the temple in Jerusalem late in the evening of
Tuesday April 12, 30 AD.
This day the bible writers give us a fuller account than any other day
unless it be the day of his crucifixion.
Tacitus declared the
Temple was one of the Wonders of the World. Fifty years before Herod had
begun the great work of its construction and for 46 years they worked to
rebuild the temple constructed by Ezra.
This whole lesson is
reported most fully by
Matthew, chapter 24,
it is also found in
Mark 13:2 And Jesus
answering said unto him, Seest thou these great buildings? there shall not
be left one stone upon another, that shall not be thrown down.
Do these great
buildings fill you with wonder and amaizment? Even though they seem to be
eternal these buildings shall be utterly destroyed. A most remarkable
prophecy uttered during a time of peace. No body dreamed of the possibility
of the destruction of such a magnificent work of art but this prophecy was
litterly fulfilled forty years later in 70 AD.
Mark 13:3 And as he
sat upon the mount of Olives over against the temple, Peter and James and
John and Andrew asked him privately,
Sitting on the mount
of Olives the whole splendid extent of the temple enclosure could be seen
200 feet below them. "Privately" probably means apart from the multitude.
The destruction of the temple had been publicly foretold (Matt.
Mark 13:4 Tell us,
when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign when all these
things shall be fulfilled?
They wanted to know
about this great destruction He had just told them of … Matthews account has
3 questions cf:
Matthew 24:3 And as he
sat upon the mount of Olives, the disciples came unto him privately, saying,
Tell us, when shall these things be? and what shall be the sign of
thy coming, and of the end of the world?
Mark 13:5 And Jesus
answering them began to say, Take heed lest any man deceive you:
It would be terrible
error to be led astray by a false Christ
Mark 13:6 For many
shall come in my name, saying, I am Christ; and shall deceive many.
Acts 5:34-37 Act
5:34 Then stood there up one in the council, a Pharisee, named Gamaliel,
a doctor of the law, had in reputation among all the people, and commanded
to put the apostles forth a little space; 5:35 And said unto them, Ye men
of Israel, take heed to yourselves what ye intend to do as touching these
men. 5:36 For before these days rose up Theudas, boasting himself to be
somebody; to whom a number of men, about four hundred, joined themselves:
who was slain; and all, as many as obeyed him, were scattered, and brought
to nought. 5:37 After this man rose up Judas of Galilee in the days of the
taxing, and drew away much people after him: he also perished; and all,
even as many as obeyed him, were dispersed
Acts 21:38 Art not thou
that Egyptian, which before these days madest an uproar, and leddest out
into the wilderness four thousand men that were murderers?
II Corinthians 11:13:15
For such are false apostles, deceitful workers, transforming
themselves into the apostles of Christ. 11:14 And no marvel; for Satan
himself is transformed into an angel of light. 11:15 Therefore it is
no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of
righteousness; whose end shall be according to their works.
Mark 13:7 And when ye
shall hear of wars and rumours of wars, be ye not troubled: for such
things must needs be; but the end shall not be yet.
These wars were
insurrections and rebellions of the Jews in various places through out the
Roman empire. Caesarea 20,000 Jews killed, Alexandra 50,000, Damascus
10,000. These things are in God’s plan and predicted by His Son.
Mark 13:8 For nation
shall rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom: and there shall be
earthquakes in divers places, and there shall be famines and troubles: these
are the beginnings of sorrows.
In fulfillment of this
we have a war of Jews and Galileans against Samaritans. There were
earthquakes in Crete, Smyrna, Miletus, Rome, Laodicea, and Hierapolis.
Josephus tells of a terrible one in Judea. There was famine in Judea
mentioned by Suetonius, Tacitus and Eusebius in the days of Claudius Caesar.
These are the beginning not the end of sorrows. Read Josephus for a
description of the misery of every kind that came upon Jerusalem.
Mark 13:9 But take
heed to yourselves: for they shall deliver you up to councils; and in the
synagogues ye shall be beaten: and ye shall be brought before rulers and
kings for my sake, for a testimony against them.
not to escape
persecution, but to be ready for it. Councils are Jewish courts.
Besides the great national council, the Sanhedrim, each principal town had a
smaller council, or local Sanhedrim. In the synagogues ye shall be
beaten. In every Jewish synagogue there were three magistrates
authorized to inflict certain punishments, scourging being one. The number
of stripes could not exceed forty (Deut.
25:3); hence they always stopped at thirty-nine. The rulers are
Governors and kings, Roman officials, such as Felix, Festus, Gallio,
King Agrippa Acts 26:1 and Nero II Timothy 4:16. Often the persecutions
boomeranged against the accusers cf:
Philippians 4:21-22 Salute every
saint in Christ Jesus. The brethren which are with me greet you. 4:22 All
the saints salute you, chiefly they that are of Caesar's household.
II Corinthians 11:22 Are they
Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I. Are they the
seed of Abraham? so am I. 11:23 Are they ministers of Christ? (I
speak as a fool) I am more; in labours more abundant, in stripes
above measure, in prisons more frequent, in deaths oft. 11:24 Of the Jews
five times received I forty stripes save one. 11:25 Thrice was I
beaten with rods, once was I stoned, thrice I suffered shipwreck, a night
and a day I have been in the deep; 11:26 In journeyings often,
in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by
mine own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils
in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the
sea, in perils among false brethren; 11:27 In weariness and
painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in
cold and nakedness.
Mark 13:10 And the
gospel must first be published among all nations.
Mark 16:15-16 And he
said unto them, Go ye into all the world, and preach the gospel to every
creature. 16:16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved; but he
that believeth not shall be damned.
Psalm 19:1-6 The
heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.
19:2 Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.
19:3 There is no speech nor language, where their voice is
not heard. 19:4 Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their
words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun,
19:5 Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and
rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. 19:6 His going forth is
from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there
is nothing hid from the heat thereof.
Romans 10:14-18 How
then shall they call on him in whom they have not believed? and how shall
they believe in him of whom they have not heard? and how shall they hear
without a preacher? 10:15 And how shall they preach, except they be sent?
as it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that preach the gospel
of peace, and bring glad tidings of good things! 10:16 But they have not
all obeyed the gospel. For Esaias saith, Lord, who hath believed our report?
10:17 So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of
But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily, their sound went into all the
earth, and their words unto the ends of the world.
First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith is
spoken of throughout the whole world.
Romans 16:19 For your
obedience is come abroad unto all men. I am glad therefore on your
behalf: but yet I would have you wise unto that which is good, and simple
Colossians 1:6 Which
is come unto you, as it is in all the world; and bringeth forth
fruit, as it doth also in you, since the day ye heard of it,
and knew the grace of God in truth:
Colossians 1:23 If ye
continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away
from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was
preached to every creature which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a
I Thessalonians 1:6-8
And ye became followers of us, and of the Lord, having received the word in
much affliction, with joy of the Holy Ghost: 1:7 So that ye were ensamples
to all that believe in Macedonia and Achaia. 1:8 For from you sounded out
the word of the Lord not only in Macedonia and Achaia, but also in every
place your faith to God-ward is spread abroad; so that we need not to speak
Acts 28:22 But we
desire to hear of thee what thou thinkest: for as concerning this sect, we
know that every where it is spoken against.
Mark 16:20 And they
went forth, and preached every where, the Lord working with them, and
confirming the word with signs following. Amen.
Mark 13:11 But when
they shall lead you, and deliver you up, take no thought beforehand
what ye shall speak, neither do ye premeditate: but whatsoever shall be
given you in that hour, that speak ye: for it is not ye that speak, but the
The Spirit will furnish
the words you are to reply.
Mark 13:12 Now the
brother shall betray the brother to death, and the father the son; and
children shall rise up against their parents, and shall cause them to
be put to death.
The hatred against
Christians will be so bitter people will give up their own family to the
civil authorities. All kinds of persecutions will come upon Christians. The
Historian Tacitus assures us that during Nero’s persecution Christians
betrayed one another.
Mark 13:13 And ye
shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that shall
endure unto the end, the same shall be saved.
He that endures to the
end with out apostizing.
Mark 13:14 But when ye
shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet,
standing where it ought not, (let him that readeth understand,) then let
them that be in Judaea flee to the mountains:
In times of peril and
danger it is our duty to seek our own preservation by all good and honest
means, in order to preserve the salt of the earth and the light of the
Daniel 9:24 Seventy
weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city, to finish the
transgression, and to make an end of sins, and to make reconciliation for
iniquity, and to bring in everlasting righteousness, and to seal up the
vision and prophecy, and to anoint the most Holy.
Dan 9:25 Know
therefore and understand, that from the going forth of the
commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince
shall be seven weeks, and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be
built again, and the wall, even in troublous times.
Dan 9:26 And after
threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off, but not for himself: and
the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the
sanctuary; and the end thereof shall be with a flood, and unto the
end of the war desolations are determined.
Dan 9:27 And he shall
confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he
shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the
overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate, even until
the consummation, and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate.
Mark 13:15 And let him
that is on the housetop not go down into the house, neither enter
therein, to take any thing out of his house:
Just proceed right
along the flat roof tops to the city gate and get out of town.
Mark 13:16 And let him
that is in the field not turn back again for to take up his garment.
The outer garment was
usually laid aside while working.
Mark 13:17 But woe to
them that are with child, and to them that give suck in those days!
Their suffering would
be greatly increased caring for a babby and their escape more difficult.
Mark 13:18 And pray
ye that your flight be not in the winter.
The sign given by
the Lord for the flight, is the approach of the city by the Romans, and the
panic that caused their sudden withdrawal, occurred on Tuesday, in October.
Hence the flight was neither in the winter, nor on the Sabbath day.
13:19 For in those days shall be affliction, such as was not from
the beginning of the creation which God created unto this time, neither
calamity or suffering.
Mark 13:20 And except
that the Lord had shortened those days, no flesh should be saved: but for
the elect's sake, whom he hath chosen, he hath shortened the days.
All the Jewish nation
would have been destroyed, but for the Church’s sake those days shall be
Mark 13:21 And then if
any man shall say to you, Lo, here is Christ; or, lo, he is
there; believe him not:
The Jews expected the
Messiah to deliver them from Roman oppression and thus during these times of
suffering they would look for Him but He has already come.
Mark 13:22 For false
Christs and false prophets shall rise, and shall shew signs and wonders, to
seduce, if it were possible, even the elect.
None but Christians
could be led astray, all others are already astray.
Mark 13:23 But take ye
heed: behold, I have foretold you all things.
To be forewarned is to
Mark 13:24 But in
those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon
shall not give her light,
Mark 13:25 And the
stars of heaven shall fall, and the powers that are in heaven shall be
Again we have
apocalyptic language that is figurative and not literal. God has used the
very same language before when He prophesied the fall of Babylon cf:
The burden of Babylon, which Isaiah the son of Amoz did see
Isaiah 13:9-10 Behold,
the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger, to lay
the land desolate: and he shall destroy the sinners thereof out of it.
13:10 For the stars of heaven and the constellations thereof shall not give
their light: the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon
shall not cause her light to shine.
Again we have
apocalyptic language used to describe the fall of Egypt cf:
Ezekiel 32:2 Son of
man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say unto him, Thou
art like a young lion of the nations, and thou art as a whale in the
seas: and thou camest forth with thy rivers, and troubledst the waters with
thy feet, and fouledst their rivers
And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars
thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give
her light. 32:8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee,
and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD.
We use figures of speech the same way
today: I’ll knock your lights out man or I’ll make you see stars when I
punch you out.
Mark 13:26 And then
shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and
This is just beautiful
apocalyptic poetic language used to describe Jesus coming in judgment at the
destruction of Jerusalem. The word “coming” and the phrase “day of the
Lord” is used to describe God “coming” in judgment cf:
Joel 2:1 Blow ye the
trumpet in Zion, and sound an alarm in my holy mountain: let all the
inhabitants of the land tremble: for the day of the LORD cometh, for it
is nigh at hand
Joe 2:10 The earth
shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon
shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining
After exhorting the
people to repent Joel sees the coming Christian age, the pouring out of the
Spirit on Pentecost cf: Acts 2:1ff and God continues to describe the
destruction of Jerusalem with figurative language.
And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit
upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old
men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions:
Joel 2:29 And also
upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my
Joel 2:30 And I will
shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars
Joel 2:31 The sun
shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and
the terrible day of the LORD come.
Joel 2:32 And it shall
come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall
be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as
the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call.
Mark 13:27 And then
shall he send his angels, and shall gather together his elect from the four
winds, from the uttermost part of the earth to the uttermost part of heaven.
Mark 13:28 Now learn a
parable of the fig tree; When her branch is yet tender, and putteth forth
leaves, ye know that summer is near:
Mark 13:29 So ye in
like manner, when ye shall see these things come to pass, know that it is
nigh, even at the doors.
Mark 13:30 Verily I
say unto you, that this generation shall not pass, till all these things be
Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation
Verily I say
unto you, This generation shall not pass, till all these things be
This was spoken 3
days before His death in 30 AD and Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in
70 AD exactly a generation.
Mark 13:31 Heaven and
earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away.
This is just a strong
form of affirming the certainty of the prediction.
Mark 13:32 But of
that day and that hour knoweth no man, no, not the angels which are
in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father.
When the Son was on
earth in the flesh, He voluntarily subjected Himself to limitations, among
them ignorance of the hour when He would return again to judgment. If He
voluntarily knew not, what great folly we see when theologians fix the time.
Mark 13:33 Take ye
heed, watch and pray: for ye know not when the time is.
Mark 13:34 For the
Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and
gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work, and commanded the
porter to watch.
Mark 13:35 Watch ye
therefore: for ye know not when the master of the house cometh, at even, or
at midnight, or at the cockcrowing, or in the morning:
Mark 13:36 Lest coming
suddenly he find you sleeping.
Mark 13:37 And what
I say unto you I say unto all, Watch.
Notice in this
chapter the emphasis given to Christ's exhortation, "Watch!" Matthew
tells us how the Lord sought to impress these lessons of watchfulness and
faithfulness still more deeply by the parables of the "Ten Virgins" cf:
and the "Talents" cf:
and closed all with a picture of the awful day when the Son of man should
separate all nations from one another, as the shepherd divideth his sheep
from the goats cf: