The Royal & Triumphal
Entrance into Jerusalem
when they came nigh to Jerusalem, unto Bethphage and Bethany, at the mount
of Olives, he sendeth forth two of his disciples,
These were villages
close to the Mount of Olives, about two miles from Jerusalem. The two
disciples are not named.
Mark 11:2 And saith
unto them, Go your way into the village over against you: and as soon as ye
be entered into it, ye shall find a colt tied, whereon never man sat; loose
him, and bring him.
Mark, Luke and John
mention the colt only, while Matthew 21:2 tells of its mother also. The
colt was most important because Christ would ride upon him. In the Old
Testament animals for sacred use were selected from among those unused by
Mark 11:3 And if any
man say unto you, Why do ye this? say ye that the Lord hath need of him; and
straightway he will send him hither.
Jesus usually speaks of
Himself in terms of humility, but here, He referred to Himself as The Lord,
The Master and Ruler of all things. When Jesus was done with the colt, He
will send him back to the owner.
Genesis 49:10-11 The
sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet,
until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people
be. 49:11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass's colt unto the
choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of
This final metaphor of
His clothes will be fulfilled at the end of time cf:
Revelation 19:11-16 And I saw heaven
opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called
Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. 19:12
His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many
crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. 19:13
And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is
called The Word of God. 19:14 And the armies which were in heaven
followed him upon white horses, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.
19:15 And out of his mouth goeth a sharp sword, that with it he should
smite the nations: and he shall rule them with a rod of iron: and he
treadeth the winepress of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. 19:16
And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, KING OF
KINGS, AND LORD OF LORDS
Mark 11:4 And they
went their way, and found the colt tied by the door without in a place where
two ways met; and they loose him.
They seemed to have
unloosed him without asking permission as Jesus told them.
Mark 11:5 And certain
of them that stood there said unto them, What do ye, loosing the colt?
Luke explains their
right to ask the question, because they were the owners.
Mark 11:6 And they
said unto them even as Jesus had commanded: and they let them go.
There is no miracle in
this, save the knowledge by Jesus of the whereabouts of the colt.
Mark 11:7 And they
brought the colt to Jesus, and cast their garments on him; and he sat upon
The garments supplied
the saddle. Another prophet foresaw this event cf:
Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion; shout, O daughter of Jerusalem: behold,
thy King cometh unto thee: he is just, and having salvation; lowly,
and riding upon an ass, and upon a colt the foal of an ass. 9:10 And I
will cut off the chariot from Ephraim, and the horse from Jerusalem, and the
battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen: and
his dominion shall be from sea even to sea, and from the river
even to the ends of the earth. 9:11 As for thee also, by the blood
of thy covenant I have sent forth thy prisoners out of the pit wherein is
Mark 11:8 And many
spread their garments in the way: and others cut down branches off the
trees, and strawed them in the way.
These garments were
extra garments, and in a frenzy of enthusiasm, many cast off their cloaks to
pave the way for Jesus to travel on. All this was in accordance with the
custom of honoring kings and conquerors by, as we say: rolling out the red
carpet before them.
Mark 11:9 And they
that went before, and they that followed, cried, saying, Hosanna; Blessed
is he that cometh in the name of the Lord:
These are the pilgrims
greetings upon the entrance into Jerusalem and they are direct quotes cf:
Psalm 118:25-26 Save
now, I beseech thee, O LORD: O LORD, I beseech thee, send now prosperity.
118:26 Blessed be he that cometh in the name of the LORD: we have
blessed you out of the house of the LORD.
Mark 11:10 Blessed
be the kingdom of our father David, that cometh in the name of the
Lord: Hosanna in the highest.
The people thought that Christ
would set up a political kingdom and He would assume the throne of David
that had been vacant since the Babylonian captivity cf: Luke 19:11 … because
he was nigh to Jerusalem, and because they thought that the kingdom of God
should immediately appear.
on the Sunday
before the Lord's suffering. He had passed the Sabbath at Bethany.
All four of the
Gospel writers give accounts of Jesus’ Triumphal entry into Jerusalem. The
other accounts are found cf:
Matthew 21:1-11; Luke
19:21-44; John 12:12-19.
Herod the Great, who
ruled from 37BC to 4BC was not satisfied with the temple built by the
prophet Ezra because it was the same size as Solomon’s. So, in order to
feed his passion for grandeur and to immortalize his name, Herod rebuilt the
grand hall which was built in the style of a basilica with a central nave
and side aisles divided by four rows of 40 columns, each monolith topped by
Corinthian capitals. Josephus called the stoga “more deserving of mention
than any under the sun.” Herod doubled the size of the outer courtyard and
enclosed it with enormous limestone walls, some of these stones weighing
over 80 tons. The entrances were a series of beautiful gates, adorned with
magnificent stairways and bridges. The disciples of JESUS were awed with
“the buildings of the temple” (Matthew 24:1) and their beauty! But
Isaiah 66:1-2 Thus saith the
LORD, The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool:
where is the house that ye build unto me? and where is the
place of my rest? 66:2 For all those things hath mine hand made, and
all those things have been, saith the LORD: but to this man
will I look, even to him that is poor and of a contrite
spirit, and trembleth at my word.
Except the LORD build the house, they
labour in vain that build it: except the LORD keep the city, the watchman
waketh but in vain.
Mark 11:11 And
Jesus entered into Jerusalem, and into the temple: and when he had looked
round about upon all things, and now the eventide was come, he went out unto
Bethany with the twelve.
After looking round
about upon all things, what your commet Lord? No comment the prophet
Malachi had foretold this event cf:
Behold, I will send my messenger, and he shall prepare the way before me:
and the Lord, whom ye seek, shall suddenly come to his temple, even the
messenger of the covenant, whom ye delight in: behold, he shall come, saith
the LORD of hosts. 3:2 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who
shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and
like fullers' soap: 3:3 And
he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify
the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver, that they may offer
unto the LORD an offering in righteousness. 3:4 Then shall the offering
of Judah and Jerusalem be pleasant unto the LORD,
as in the days of old, and as in former years.
After entering the
city and temple and observing the condition of things within the sacred
building he retired to Bethany for the night. As far as we know he passed
all his nights of the last week of his earthly life at Bethany, save
Thursday, perhaps to avoid the rulers in the hours of rest and to have an
opportunity for private conference with his disciples, which he could not
have in crowded Jerusalem. Besides, he had loving friends at Bethany, who
delighted to have him under their roof.
Mark 11:12 And on the
morrow, when they were come from Bethany, he was hungry:
What food did Jesus,
the Messiah, hunger for cf:
Luke 4:4 And Jesus
answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone,
but by every word of God.
John 4:34 Jesus saith
unto them, My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to finish his
Mark 11:13 And seeing
a fig tree afar off having leaves, he came, if haply he might find any thing
thereon: and when he came to it, he found nothing but leaves; for the time
of figs was not yet.
Leaves are an outward
sign of fruit for leaves accompany the fruit to protect it from the sun.
Israel is described by the metaphor, the fig tree, cf:
Hosea 9:10 I found
Israel like grapes in the wilderness; I saw your fathers as the firstripe in
the fig tree at her first time: but they went to Baalpeor, and
separated themselves unto that shame; and their abominations
were according as they loved.
LORD, what’s your
judgement after looking round about the temple and upon all things? No
fruit! “nothing but leaves” - the outward forms had become more important
to them than fruit. Cf:
Matthew 23:23 Woe unto
you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise
and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law,
judgment, mercy, and faith: these ought ye to have done, and not to leave
the other undone.
daily faith and trust in God for ritualism, ceremonialism and formalism.
God has called us to fruitfulness cf:
Matthew 7:15-20 Beware
of false prophets, which come to you in sheep's clothing, but inwardly they
are ravening wolves. 7:16 Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather
grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? 7:17 Even so every good tree
bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit.
7:18 A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a
corrupt tree bring forth good fruit. 7:19 Every tree that bringeth not
forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. 7:20 Wherefore by
their fruits ye shall know them.
Mark 11:14 And
Jesus answered and said unto it, No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for
ever. And his disciples heard it.
A divine curse upon
The word that came to
Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, 11:2 Hear ye the words of this covenant,
and speak unto the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem; 11:3
And say thou unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; Cursed be
the man that obeyeth not the words of this covenant,
And his disciples
heard it but God has other plans for them cf:
And ye shall leave your name for a
curse unto my chosen: for the Lord GOD shall slay thee, and call his
servants by another name:
And they come to Jerusalem: and Jesus went into the temple, and began to
cast out them that sold and bought in the temple, and overthrew the tables
of the moneychangers, and the seats of them that sold doves;
Satan had often been successful in
recruiting the priesthood to pollute God’s temple cf:
Jeremiah 7:30 For the children of
Judah have done evil in my sight, saith the LORD: they have set their
abominations in the house which is called by my name, to pollute it.
Ezekiel 8:15-18 Then said he unto me,
Hast thou seen this, O son of man? turn thee yet again, and
thou shalt see greater abominations than these. 8:16 And he brought me
into the inner court of the LORD'S house, and, behold, at the door of the
temple of the LORD, between the porch and the altar, were about five
and twenty men, with their backs toward the temple of the LORD, and their
faces toward the east; and they worshipped the sun toward the east. 8:17
Then he said unto me, Hast thou seen this, O son of man? Is it a
light thing to the house of Judah that they commit the abominations which
they commit here? for they have filled the land with violence, and have
returned to provoke me to anger: and, lo, they put the branch to their nose.
8:18 Therefore will I also deal in fury: mine eye shall not spare, neither
will I have pity: and though they cry in mine ears with a loud voice, yet
will I not hear them.
Mark 11:16 And would
not suffer that any man should carry any vessel through the temple.
God had promised that
the Messiah, when He came to Jerusalem to the temple to judge the covenant,
would cleanse the temple cf:
Isaiah 52:11 Depart ye,
depart ye, go ye out from thence, touch no unclean thing; go ye out
of the midst of her; be ye clean, that bear the vessels of the LORD.
Mark 11:17 And he
taught, saying unto them, Is it not written, My house shall be called of all
nations the house of prayer? but ye have made it a den of thieves.
God’s temple was
intended to be a house of prayer cf:
Isaiah 56:7 Even them
will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of
prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted
upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all
For men ought always to
And he spake a parable unto them
to this end, that men ought always to pray, and not to faint;
For we have an
available God but they had made it a den of thieves. Snakes and lions live
in dens. A shocking description of the religious leaders of Israel cf:
Behold, ye trust in lying words, that
cannot profit. 7:9 Will ye steal, murder, and
commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk
after other gods whom ye know not; 7:10 And come and stand before me in
this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all
these abominations? 7:11 Is this house, which is called by my name, become
a den of robbers in your eyes? Behold, even I have seen it, saith the
LORD. 7:12 But go ye now unto my place which was in Shiloh, where I
set my name at the first, and see what I did to it for the wickedness of my
Mark 11:18 And the
scribes and chief priests heard it, and sought how they might destroy
him: for they feared him, because all the people was astonished at his
Jesus knew what the
results of his zeal would be cf:
For the zeal of thine house hath
eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon
John 11:47-50 Then
gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council, and said, What do
we? for this man doeth many miracles. 11:48 If we let him thus alone, all
men will believe on him: and the Romans shall come and take away both
our place and nation. 11:49 And one of them, named Caiaphas, being
the high priest that same year, said unto them, Ye know nothing at all,
11:50 Nor consider that it is expedient for us, that one man should die for
the people, and that the whole nation perish not.
The people were
astonished at His doctrine as they had always been cf:
Matthew 7:28-29 And it
came to pass, when Jesus had ended these sayings, the people were astonished
at his doctrine: 7:29 For he taught them as one having authority,
and not as the scribes.
John 6:63 It is the
spirit that quickeneth; the flesh profiteth nothing: the words that I speak
unto you, they are spirit, and they are life.
John 12:48 He that
rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him: the
word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him in the last day.
Mark 11:19 And when
even was come, he went out of the city.
It is evening and
Israel will not repent and accept their Messiah.
Mark 11:20 And in the
morning, as they passed by, they saw the fig tree dried up from the roots.
The fig tree Israel has
already produced, the only branch worthy of acceptance to God, the Messiah
Isaiah 11:1-2 And there
shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out
of his roots: 11:2 And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the
spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the
spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD;
Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a
righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute
judgment and justice in the earth. 23:6 In his days Judah shall be saved,
and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is his name whereby he shall
be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS.
Isaiah 53:2 For he
shall grow up before him as a tender plant, and as a root out of a dry
ground: he hath no form nor comeliness; and when we shall see him, there
is no beauty that we should desire him.
So a Divine curse has
come upon Israel
Mark 11:21 And Peter
calling to remembrance saith unto him, Master, behold, the fig tree which
thou cursedst is withered away.
Poor Peter, he just
can’t put it all together cf:
Romans 9:1-8 I say the
truth in Christ, I lie not, my conscience also bearing me witness in the
Holy Ghost, 9:2 That I have great heaviness and continual sorrow in my
heart. 9:3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my
brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh: 9:4 Who are Israelites; to
whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and
the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; 9:5
Whose are the fathers, and of whom as concerning the flesh Christ
came, who is over all, God blessed for ever. Amen. 9:6 Not as though
the word of God hath taken none effect. For they are not all Israel,
which are of Israel: 9:7 Neither, because they are the seed of Abraham,
are they all children: but, In Isaac shall thy seed be called. 9:8 That
is, They which are the children of the flesh, these are not the
children of God: but the children of the promise are counted for the seed.
Romans 10:1-4 Brethren,
my heart's desire and prayer to God for Israel is, that they might be saved.
10:2 For I bear them record that they have a zeal of God, but not according
to knowledge. 10:3 For they being ignorant of God's righteousness, and
going about to establish their own righteousness, have not submitted
themselves unto the righteousness of God. 10:4 For Christ is the end
of the law for righteousness to every one that believeth.
Mark 11:22 And Jesus
answering saith unto them, Have faith in God.
“Have faith in God”,
the lacking figs of Israel. We should desire what God desires. The
challenge to us as Christians is to bear fruit, which is described in
scripture as both souls and Christian character. Cf:
John 15:1-8 I am the true vine, and
my Father is the husbandman. 15:2 Every branch in me that beareth not fruit
he taketh away: and every branch that beareth fruit, he purgeth it,
that it may bring forth more fruit. 15:3 Now ye are clean through the word
which I have spoken unto you. 15:4 Abide in me, and I in you. As the branch
cannot bear fruit of itself, except it abide in the vine; no more can ye,
except ye abide in me. 15:5 I am the vine, ye are the branches: He
that abideth in me, and I in him, the same bringeth forth much fruit: for
without me ye can do nothing. 15:6 If a man abide not in me, he is cast
forth as a branch, and is withered; and men gather them, and cast them
into the fire, and they are burned. 15:7 If ye abide in me, and my words
abide in you, ye shall ask what ye will, and it shall be done unto you.
15:8 Herein is my Father glorified, that ye bear much fruit; so shall ye be
Galatians 5:22-25 But the fruit of
the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,
5:23 Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law. 5:24 And they
that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.
5:25 If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.
The reproduction of our
faith in others, is a test of our fruit.
Mark 11:23 For verily
I say unto you, That whosoever shall say unto this mountain, Be thou
removed, and be thou cast into the sea; and shall not doubt in his heart,
but shall believe that those things which he saith shall come to pass; he
shall have whatsoever he saith.
Nothing can be availed
when the heart is filled with unbelief and doubt, you must have no doubts.
God could move the mountain as readily as heal the sick or raise the dead.
Had Israel had faith in the God of her covenant, all things were possible
for her. Cf:
Hebrews 11:6 But without faith it
is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must
believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently
Therefore I say unto you, What things soever ye desire, when ye pray,
believe that ye receive them, and ye shall have them.
When you get a bill,
write the check, put it in the envelope, put a stamp on it, a return
address, seal it, and put it in the mailbox, it isn’t paid yet, BUT the
feeling you have says it’s paid!! ANYTHING could happen between your mailbox
and that payment getting entered … but in YOUR MIND, that bill was paid the
moment you put it in your mailbox, turned your back, and shut the door. You
must have the same feeling, the same conviction, the same belief, when you
True prayer, either
miraculous during the days of the Apostles or common, is always in harmony
with God’s will cf:
I John 5:14
And this is the confidence that we
have in him, that, if we ask any thing according to his will, he heareth us:
11:25 And when ye stand praying, forgive, if ye have ought against any:
that your Father also which is in heaven may forgive you your trespasses.
This is to “stand”
on the knees. All must be forgiven of ill will or cause of complaint must
be forgiven if we expect God to forgive us. Until we do our part the door
of forgiveness towards us is closed.
Forgiving others is
one of the conditions of prevailing prayer.
Mark 11:26 But if ye
do not forgive, neither will your Father which is in heaven forgive your
And forgive us our debts, as we forgive our debtors.
Mat 6:14 For if ye
forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you:
6:15 But if ye forgive not men their trespasses, neither will your Father
forgive your trespasses.
Ephesians 4:32 And be
ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God
for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.
Mark 11:27 And they
come again to Jerusalem: and as he was walking in the temple, there come to
him the chief priests, and the scribes, and the elders,
This was Tuesday, April
12. These three classes of Jews constituted the Sanhedrin court.
Mark 11:28 And say
unto him, By what authority doest thou these things? and who gave thee this
authority to do these things?
The chief priest and
elders are quick to investigate, as they investigated John the Baptist, but
they are slow to believe.
He was cleansing the
temple, working miracles, teaching and taking charge of things in general.
His authority was not given by a priest or civil ruler, commissioned either
by Caesar or the Sanhedrin.
Mark 11:29 And Jesus
answered and said unto them, I will also ask of you one question, and answer
me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things.
They had propounded to
him two questions, but Jesus proposes but one to them. Did they believe the
messenger’s (John the Baptist) testimony about baptism? Luther said, “I
believe, in order to obey, I obey in order to believe”. Did they believe
Mark 11:30 The baptism
of John, was it from heaven, or of men? answer me.
How could they deal
with His authority as the Messiah, if they couldn’t deal with the
messenger’s (John the Baptist) authority?
If they answered the
question, they would convict themselves. Was John a true or false prophet?
Mark 11:31 And they
reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say,
Why then did ye not believe him?
They saw immediately
that if they took this road they would be in a trap so they turned aside
Mark 11:32 But if we
shall say, Of men; they feared the people: for all men counted John,
that he was a prophet indeed.
They really preferred
this answer, doubtless would have given it, but for fear of the people.
There was no safe response, so, their answer was to be evasive.
Mark 11:33 And they
answered and said unto Jesus, We cannot tell. And Jesus answering saith unto
them, Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.
How can we expect to
know more, when we won’t take action based on what we have already been
This was a
falsehood. They did know. They turned his question aside unanswered, He
felt He was under no obligation to answer their question. He exposed their
hypocrisy. His authority was the same as John’s authority.
On Sunday the Lord
On Monday he
cleansed the temple, and cursed the fig tree.
On Tuesday his
disciples called attention to the withered fig tree, and he again entered
There a delegation
of the rulers demanded by what authority he had driven out the money
changers the day before cf: